The LSAT (Legal Scholastic Aptitude Test) is a standardized legal test to assess the scholastic ability of a student. The test is required for students who plan to enroll in a Master’s degree program in law in the United States or Canada. The test was developed by the Law School Admission Council, LSAC.
LSAT is a standardized test administered by the Law School Admission Council in the United States and Canada. It is a test for admission to all American Bar Association (ABA) approved law schools, most Canadian law schools, and some non-ABA approved schools. LSAT scores are considered to be a predictor of first-year performance.
The LSAT does not measure the level of knowledge in the legal field. This is a general educational test, the purpose of which is to assess the verbal and analytical skills of the test takers.
BASIC LSAT TEST MODULES
The LSAT test consists of 5 parts, each part asking students to answer multiple choice questions. Four parts are the test itself, for which the student is graded, and the fifth part is experimental and (this is a set of questions for future tests), it is not graded. At the end of the test, a half-hour written assignment is given, the grade of which is not included in the overall test result, but this assignment is sent to the schools to which the student has applied.
Earning a competitive score on the LSAT does not come without preparation. Practice tests allow examinees to familiarize themselves with the structure of the LSAT and learn about the different types of questions.
The main sections of the test:
- Reading and comprehension of the text or Reading comprehension: consists of 14 questions and a passage of 400-500 words. The student is given approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes for this task;
- Logical reasoning or Logical Reasoning: in simple words – argumentation, which consists of 25 questions, time – 35 minutes;
- Analytical Reasoning (logic games) or Analytical Reasoning: this section includes 25 questions for 35 minutes;
- Written part 1 essay on a given topic: 30 minutes;
- Experimental task: consists of 25 questions for 35 minutes;
Evaluates and tests the student’s ability to comprehend difficult passages and understand the connection between different passages of texts written in a mostly scientific style. The ability to draw conclusions from the text, find the main idea of the passage, and extract the necessary information from it is also assessed. The ability to read between the lines and understand what the author really wanted to say is often tested. The task includes 14 questions and a text of 400-500 words. Each section will have four paragraphs. They are not categorized by difficulty level. You will need to quickly scan through the text, catching the general meaning. It is important to read quickly here, noting the main points.
- LOGICAL REASONING
You will be offered statements (arguments) in several sentences. Your task is to find a mistake in the author’s reasoning, to oppose this argument. Here, it is important to be able to analyze statements, skills to identify the main ideas in argumentation, the ability to handle logical and abstract concepts, the ability to find the necessary information in the text, as well as the skills to analyze and evaluate arguments.
The other tasks in this section deal with deductive arguments and are more like logic games.
- ANALYTICAL REASONING
This section evaluates the ability to solve logical deductive puzzles, draw correct conclusions, analyze situations and draw conclusions, and use logic in complex and confusing situations.
Also, in some assignments, you need to draw complex diagrams that connect parts of the question into spatial relationships.
You are given 30 minutes to write an essay on a given topic. There is no grade for this assignment and does not affect the overall result of the exam, but a copy of it is sent to the law school along with other documents. Most often, this essay does not play an important role for admission, but special attention must be paid to it. This is the only part of the exam by which you can judge whether you can write essays correctly and beautifully. Mainly law schools are interested in how skillfully you prove your point of view. You do not need to use any special knowledge, the main thing is the argumentation for and against your opinion.
This part is intended for test developers so that they can assess the difficulty of the items and make adjustments to the following test items.
The average score is about 150, but the most important 25 schools require a score above 160. The number of correct answers is transformed into a number of points from 120 to 180. В each test has about 101 questions, and if you answer each question, you can get from 0 to 101 intermediate points. The raw score is converted to a score from 129 (minimum) to 180 (maximum) points in accordance with the formula. For example, a raw score of 99 out of 101 is usually translated into 180 points. There is no pass or pass score in this exam. It is necessary to clarify what grade is required for admission to the school you need.
The LSAT score is generally valued by law schools more than the average school leaving examinations. You can take the LSAT no more than three times in two years. The test result remains valid for five years.