Decoding the Jargon: A Beginner’s Guide to Bitcoin, Altcoin, Stablecoins and Shitcoins


If you’re new to the world of cryptocurrency, you might find the jargon surrounding it a bit overwhelming. Terms like Bitcoin, Altcoin, Stablecoin, and Shitcoin are thrown around a lot, but what do they actually mean? And why should you care? Once you are clear with the difference, you can make better and informed decisions while choosing the projects for investing which will prove beneficial for your portfolio. It will also help you while doing fundamental analysis of a project on the marketplace. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll break down these terms and explain what they mean, why they matter, and what you need to know before investing in

Bitcoin (BTC) – The First Ever And The King Of Crypto Market

Bitcoin is the original cryptocurrency, created in 2009 by an unknown person or group using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. It’s a decentralized digital currency that operates independently of any central bank or government. The transactions are recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain, which is maintained by a decentralized network of computers around the world. The blockchain ensures that every BTC transaction is secure and transparent.

One of the advantages is that it’s relatively easy to buy and sell, and it can be used to purchase goods and services from merchants who accept it as payment. However, BTC also has its downsides, such as its volatility and the fact that it’s not widely accepted as a form of payment yet.

Altcoins (Other Than BTC)

Altcoins are cryptocurrencies that are alternatives to BTC. Some of the most popular Altcoins include Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin.

Altcoins are typically designed to improve upon the limitations of BTC, such as transaction speed, scalability, and smart contract capabilities. They often have their own unique features and use cases.


While Altcoins can offer some advantages, they also come with their own risks and limitations. For example, some Altcoins may have less liquidity or be more volatile than Bitcoin. Key terms related to Altcoins include smart contracts, decentralized applications, and Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs).

Stablecoins (Stable In Nature)

Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies that are designed to be less volatile than other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Altcoins. They’re typically pegged to the value of a fiat currency like the US dollar, a commodity like gold, or a basket of assets. Stablecoins offer the benefits of cryptocurrencies, such as fast and secure transactions, while also providing the stability of a traditional currency.

They can be useful for investors who want to avoid the volatility of other cryptocurrencies or for businesses that want to accept cryptocurrency payments without exposing themselves to price fluctuations. However, not all Stablecoins are created equal, and some may be more risky than others. It’s important to do your research and understand how each Stablecoin is backed and maintained. Key terms related to Stablecoins include fiat-collateralized, crypto-collateralized, and algorithmic.

Shitcoins (Low Graded & Risky)

Shitcoins are cryptocurrencies that are essentially worthless or scams. They may be promoted as the “next big thing” but have little to no actual value or use case. Shitcoins can be difficult to distinguish from legitimate cryptocurrencies, especially for new investors who are not familiar with the space. Some common signs of a Shitcoin include unrealistic promises, a lack of transparency, and no real-world use cases.

Investing in Shitcoins can be extremely risky and is not recommended for beginners or experienced investors. It’s important to do your research and only invest in legitimate cryptocurrencies with a solid track record. Key terms related to Shitcoins include pump-and-dump schemes, rug pulls, and fake ICOs.


Cryptocurrency can be a complex and confusing space, but understanding the jargon is a critical first step in navigating it safely and successfully. By knowing the difference between Bitcoin, Altcoins, Stablecoins, and Shitcoins, you can now get an idea of where to keep most of your investments and how to diversify your portfolio.  Even if you are investing in the most reputed coin on the marketplace, let me make it clear, there are risks that are associated with your investments. Some big giants can make some lose what he invested and on the other hand, a low graded coin can  prove profitable for some other person. Be informed and be on the safer side.

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