In a rare display of unity, the 14 independent CARICOM states today insisted on the equitable distribution of COVID-19 vaccines.
A resolution which CARICOM sponsored was adopted by the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States by acclamation.
The Resolution was presented on behalf of CARICOM by Antigua and Barbuda’s Ambassador, Sir Ronald Sanders, who was the architect of the original resolution and who was the chief negotiator for its adoption along with Trinidad and Tobago’s Ambassador Anthony Phillips-Spencer, the Chair of the CARICOM caucus.
Speaking for CARICOM, Ambassador Sanders told the OAS that its 34 member states accounted for 45% of the infected cases and 48% of the deaths globally. “That is almost half the global number of infected cases and nearly half the number of deaths in the world”.
The Ambassador added, “Those figures alone should give each of us – and all of us – every good reason to be gravely troubled about the damaging effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health and well-being of our peoples. In many – if not all – our countries, our hospitals are finding it enormously difficult to cope”.
Sir Ronald explained that while the majority of developing states, including in Latin America and the Caribbean, are still without stocks of vaccines, “some developed countries have ordered vaccines, in one case five times the size of its population, and are hoarding them, at a time when they are desperately needed throughout the world”.
Ambassador Sanders cited studies which indicate that some of the world’s rich nations, representing only 15% of the global population have bought 60% of the available vaccines”.
He said, “The world will not survive if 15% of the world holds for itself 60% of vaccines, and 85% of the people must struggle for an equitable share.”
Presenting grim figures for the member states of the OAS, Sanders emphasized that only two counties have managed to give one shot of vaccines to more than 10% of their populations. The countries are the U.S. at 12% and Chile at 10%.
He revealed that only three other countries have inoculated more than 1% of their people, but “none of the remaining 29 member states have sufficient vaccines to inoculate more than 0.95% of their people”.
The Antigua and Barbuda diplomat also warned wealthy countries that “even if they are fully vaccinated by the middle of this year, and poor countries remain largely shut out, the global economy would suffer losses exceeding US$9 trillion, a sum greater than the annual output of Japan and Germany combined”. “No one will benefit”, he said, “We are truly all in this together”.
The Resolution called for a scaling-up of production by the main vaccine producing countries; faster distribution of the vaccines, low-cost financing from international financial institutions so that developing countries can buy needed stocks. It also called expressed grave concern about inequitable access and distribution of vaccines.
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